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Natures Paul Keirn

Jardinage bio : le chou, ses compagnons de jardin et ses défenseurs naturels - Nature(s) Paul Keirn

1 Septembre 2011 , Rédigé par Paul Keirn Publié dans #PLANTES & ETHNOBOTANIQUE

bio-biocenose-chou-natures-paul-keirn.jpg

Un guerrier armé d'un pied de céleri ?! Le céleri représente ici un défenseur du chou contre ses prédateurs naturels que sont les insectes et surtout leurs larves. La tomate est également un allier naturel. Dans le jardin, ce sont des "compagnons" du chou. C'est pourquoi ils ont été placés de part et d'autre du chou. Les septs autres « guerriers », tels des samouraïs, sont des répulsifs qui, par leurs essences, repoussent les insectes et autres prédateurs : capucine, bourrache, hysope, cosmos, romarin, thym et menthe sont ses meilleurs défenseurs. 

Cette liste à été réalisées sur la base d'une trentaine de sites consacrés au jardinage.

2011---Les-compagnons-du-chou-et-repulsifs-naturels---Prod.jpg Clic!

Jardiner bio, renoncer aux divers pesticides autorisés mais dangereux, cancérigènes, c'est d'abord utiliser d'autres plantes. Celles qui vivent naturellement en association avec celles que l'on cultive. C'est utiliser les connaissances de la phytosociologie et notamment les biocénoses (la phytosociologie est la discipline botanique qui étudie les communautés végétales, en se basant sur des listes floristiques les plus exhaustives possibles), «Les tableaux phytociologiques décrivent les associations végétales. Ils sont issus de relevés de terrain tirés de la littérature. La compilation de ces tableaux est effectuée dans le cadre du réseau Tela Botanica.

Tela Botanica s'est donné pour mission la compilation de tableaux phytosociologiques. Classés par milieux, ils sont disponibles au format Excel sur le site Internet de Tela Botanica. » (Wiki) 

« Un biotope et sa biocénose associée sont en interactions constantes ; ils constituent un écosystème. Les limites spatiales et temporelles d'une biocénose sont celles des populations homogènes qu'elles décrivent. Un changement de population correspond à un changement de biocénose, observé sur un pas de temps suffisant.

Le terme de biocénose fut inventé et introduit dans la littérature scientifique par le biologiste allemand Karl August Möbius en 1877, alors qu'il étudiait les huîtres après qu'il eut noté que, chez ces animaux comme chez d'autres, il fallait placer le cadre d'étude au niveau non pas de l'individu, mais de l'ensemble des individus. » (Wiki)

Brassica oleracea, le père de tous les choux

Brassica_oleracea.jpg

"Chou sauvage, ou chou des falaises (Brassica oleracea), ancêtre de toutes les variétés cultivées. Encore présent en Europe, et en France (mais rare ou en forte régression en Basse-Normandie, Nord-Pas-de-Calais et Poitou-Charentes où il ne subsiste qu'à l'état d'individus isolés ou en petites populations très localisées et menacées.

"Par contre, en Haute-Normandie, il est encore abondant et ne montre pas de signe de régression)."

Chemicals and their Biological Activities in: Brassica oleracea var. botrytis l. var. botrytis L. (Brassicaceae) -- Cauliflower

Composition chimique du chou (Brassica oleracea) et propriétés pahrmacologiques des différentes molécules : en résumé, le chou présente d'immenses qualités antioxydantes et contribue à la prévention de nombreux cancers 

 

1-METHOXY-GLUCOBRASSICIN Leaf:

No activity reported.

1-METHOXY-INDOLE-3-CARBALDEHYDE Plant:

No activity reported.

1-O-FERULOYL-BETA-D-GLUCOSE Leaf:

No activity reported.

1-O-P-COUMAROYL-BETA-D-GLUCOSE Leaf:

No activity reported.

1-O-SINAPOYL-BETA-D-GLUCOSE Leaf:

No activity reported.

24-METHYLENE-CYCLOARTENOL Leaf:

No activity reported.

3,3'-DIINDOYL-METHANE Leaf:

No activity reported.

3-METHYL-SULFINYL-PROPYL-GLUCOSINOLATE Flower:

No activity reported.

3-METHYLTHIOPROPYL-GLUCOSINOLATE Flower:

No activity reported.

4-HYDROXY-GLUCOBRASSICIN Flower 7 - 390 ppm Leaf 3 - 325 ppm

Quinone-Reductase-Inducer 100 uM

4-METHOXY-GLUCOBRASSICIN Flower 15 - 355 ppm Leaf 8 - 580 ppm

No activity reported.

4-METHOXY-INDOL-3-YL-METHYL-GLUCOSINOLATE Flower: Leaf:

No activity reported.

4-METHYL-SULFINYL-BUTYL-GLUCOSINOLATE Flower:

No activity reported.

4-METHYL-THIO-BUTYL-GLUCOSINOLATE Flower:

No activity reported.

4-VINYL-GUAIACOL Plant:

Antiedemic; Antiinflammatory; Antiprostaglandin; Prostaglandin-Synthesis-Inhibitor IC50=18 uM

5-HYDROXY-GLUCOBRASSICIN Leaf: Tissue Culture:

No activity reported.

5-METHOXY-GLUCOBRASSICIN Leaf: Tissue Culture:

No activity reported.

ABSCISIC-ACID Flower:

No activity reported.

ALLYL-ISOTHIOCYANATE Leaf:

Allergenic; Antiasthmatic; Antifeedant; Antimutagenic; Antiseptic; Cancer-Preventive; Counterirritant; Decongestant; Embryotoxic; Fungicide MIC=1.8-3.5 ug/ml; Herbicide IC100=0.4 mM; Insectiphile; Mutagenic; Nematiovistat 50 ug/ml; Pesticide; Spice FEMA 1-80 ppm

ALPHA-AMYRIN Bud: Flower:

Analgesic; Antiedemic IC43=40 mg/kg ipr rat; Antiinflammatory IC71=1,000 ppm orl; Antinociceptive; Antitumor; Antiulcer; Cytotoxic 50-400; Gastroprotective; Hepatoprotective; Insectifuge

ALPHA-CAROTENE Plant:

Anticancer; Anticancer (Liver); Anticancer (Lung); Anticancer (Skin); Antiproliferant 10 x beta-carotene; Colorant; Previtamin-A

ALPHA-LINOLENIC-ACID Leaf 1,290 - 13,855 ppm

5-Alpha-Reductase-Inhibitor; Antiaggregant; Antihypertensive; Antiinflammatory IC50=42 uM; Antileukotriene-D4; Antimenorrhagic; Antimetastatic; Antiprostatitic; Cancer-Preventive; Hypotensive; Immunostimulant 0.12 ml/man/day; Lymphocytogenic 0.5 ug/ml; Propecic; Prostaglandin-Synthesis-Inhibitor 39.5 g/day/hmn; Vasodilator

ANILINE Flower 22 ppm;

No activity reported.

BENZYL-AMINE Flower 1.4 ppm;

No activity reported.

BETA-AMYRIN Bud: Flower:

Analgesic; Antiedemic IC27=40 mg/kg ipr rat; Antiinflammatory; Antinociceptive; Antiulcer; Gastroprotective; Hepatoprotective; Larvicide; Mosquitocide

BETA-CRYPTOXANTHIN Plant:

Colorant; Vitamin-A-Activity

CAFFEIC-ACID Leaf 8 ppm;

Aldose-Reductase-Inhibitor 4 ug/ml (weak activity); Allergenic; Analgesic; Antiadenoviral; Antiaggregant; Antiaging; Antiatherogenic; Antibacterial; Anticancer; Anticarcinogenic; Antidepressant; Antiedemic; Antielastase IC50=86 ug/ml (475 uM) IC50=93 um/l; Antiescherichic; Antiflu; Antigonadotropic; Antihemolytic 25 uM; Antihepatoadenomic 200 ppm diet orl mus; Antihepatotoxic; Antiherpetic 50 ug/ml EC50=>50 ug/ml; Antihistaminic; AntiHIV EC50=200 ug/ml; Antihypercholesterolemic; Antihyperthyroid; Antiinflammatory; AntiLegionella; Antileukemic; Antileukotriene; Antimelanogenic; Antimutagenic; Antinitrosaminic; Antiophidic; Antioxidant 1.3 x Vit. E 1/2 BHA 1/3 quercetin 30 mM 50 uM IC57=30 ppm; Antiperoxidant IC35=200 ug/ml IC50=44 uM IC85=100 ug/ml; Antiproliferant; Antiprostaglandin; Antiradicular 1/3 quercetin 10 uM 30 mM IC50=32-35 uM; Antiseptic; Antispasmodic EC50=3.4-15 uM; Antistaphylococcic; Antistomatitic; Antisunburn; Antithiamin; Antithyroid; Antitumor 200 ppm diet orl mus; Antitumor (Skin); Antitumor-Promoter IC42=10 uM; Antiulcerogenic; Antivaccinia; Antiviral IC50=62.5 ug/ml; Anxiolytic; Calcium-Antagonist IC50=1.2 uM rbt; Cancer-Preventive; Carcinogenic 2% (diet); Chemopreventive; Cholagogue; Choleretic; Clastogenic; CNS-Active; Co-carcinogenic; Collagen-Sparing; COX-2-Inhibitor IC32=100 uM; Cytoprotective; Cytotoxic TC50=200 ug/ml; Diuretic; DNA-Active; DNA-Protective; Fungicide MIC=0.4 mg/ml; Hepatocarcinogenic 400 ppm diet orl mus (in the absence of alcohol); Hepatoprotective; Hepatotropic; Histamine-Inhibitor; Immunostimulant; Insectifuge; Leukotriene-Inhibitor; Lipoxygenase-Inhibitor IC27=5 mM IC50=62-148 uM; Lyase-Inhibitor IC50=94-164 uM; Metal-Chelator; Ornithine-Decarboxylase-Inhibitor; Pesticide; Prooxidant; Prostaglandigenic; Sedative 500 mg; Sunscreen IC50=2.5 mg/l IC91=5 mg/l IC98=25 mg/l; Tumorigenic; Vulnerary; Xanthine-Oxidase-Inhibitor IC50=39.21 uM

CHLOROGENIC-ACID Leaf:

Aldose-Reductase-Inhibitor IC50=1.8 uM rat (strong activity); Allelochemic; Allergenic; Analgesic; Antiatherosclerotic; Antibacterial; Anticancer (Colon); Anticancer (Forestomach); Anticancer (Liver); Anticancer (Skin); Anticarcinogenic; Antidiabetic; AntiEBV; Antifeedant; Antigenotoxic; Antigonadotropic; Antihemolytic 10 uM; Antihepatotoxic; Antiherpetic; Antihistaminic; AntiHIV; Antihypercholesterolemic; Antihyperthyroid; Antiinflammatory; AntiLegionella; Antileukotriene; Antimelanogenic; Antimutagenic; Antinitrosaminic; Antioxidant IC50=54.2 uM IC53=200 ppm IC80=12 uM; Antiperoxidant IC50=36 uM; Antipolio; Antiradicular 10 uM 9 x quercetin; Antiseptic; Antisunburn; Antithyroid; Antitumor; Antitumor (Colon); Antitumor (Forestomach); Antitumor (Liver); Antitumor (Skin); Antitumor-Promoter IC25=10 uM; Antiulcer; Antiviral; Autotoxic; Cancer-Preventive; Cardioprotective; Chemopreventive; Cholagogue; Choleretic; Clastogenic; CNS-Active; CNS-Stimulant 1/6 Caffeine; Collagen-Sparing; Diuretic; Fungicide; Hepatoprotective; Histamine-Inhibitor; Hypoglycemic; Immunostimulant; Insectifuge; Interferonogenic; Juvabional; Larvistat; Leukotriene-Inhibitor; Lipoxygenase-Inhibitor IC23=5 mM; Metal-Chelator; NO-Genic; Ornithine-Decarboxylase-Inhibitor; Oviposition-Stimulant; Pesticide; Sunscreen; Sweetener; Vulnerary

CINNAMIC-ACID Leaf:

Aldose-Reductase-Inhibitor 4 ug/ml (weak activity); Allergenic; Anesthetic; Antibacterial; Antiinflammatory; Antimutagenic; Antispasmodic; Cancer-Preventive; Choleretic; Dermatitigenic; FLavor FEMA 4-40; Fungicide; Herbicide; Laxative; Lipoxygenase-Inhibitor; Pesticide; Tyrosinase-Inhibitor ID50=700 uM; Vermifuge

DIMETHYL-AMINE Flower 14 ppm;

Coleoptophile; Pesticide

DIMETHYL-DISULFIDE Plant:

Antithyroid; Perfumery Fragrance

FERULIC-ACID Leaf 13 ppm;

Allelopathic; Analgesic; Antiaggregant; Antiallergic; Antiarrhythmic; Antibacterial; Anticancer (Colon); Anticancer (Forestomach); Anticancer (Liver); Anticancer (Skin); Anticarcinogenic; Antidysmenorrheic; Antiestrogenic; Antihepatotoxic; Antiherpetic; Antiinflammatory; Antileukemic IC50=25-56 ug/ml; Antimitotic; Antimutagenic; Antineoplastic (Stomach); Antinitrosaminic; Antioxidant 1/2 BHA 1/3 quercetin 3,000 uM EC50=9-15 ug/ml IC51=200 ppm; Antiradicular EC50=9-15 ug/ml IC50=116-124 uM; Antiserotonin; Antispasmodic; Antithrombic; Antitumor; Antitumor (Colon); Antitumor (Forestomach); Antitumor (Liver); Antitumor (Skin); Antitumor-Promoter IC46=10 uM; Antiviral; Arteriodilator; Cancer-Preventive; Candidicide; Cardiac; Cholagogue; Choleretic; Fungicide; Hepatoprotective; Hepatotropic; Herbicide; Hydrocholerectic; Hypolipidemic; Immunostimulant; Insectifuge; Metal-Chelator; Ornithine-Decarboxylase-Inhibitor; Pesticide; Phagocytotic; Preservative; Prostaglandigenic; Prostaglandin-Synthesis-Inhibitor 0.58-3.2 mM; Sunscreen; Uterosedative 30-100 mg/kg ivn rat

FUMARIC-ACID Flower: Plant:

Acidulant; Antidermatitic; Antihepatocarcinogenic IC100=1% (diet); Antioxidant; Antipsoriac; Antitumor; FLavor FEMA 50-3,600

GLUCOBRASSICIN Flower 60 - 1,670 ppm Leaf 30 - 580 ppm

Quinone-Reductase-Inducer 100 uM

GLUCOERUCIN Flower 210 ppm; Leaf 15,020 ppm;

No activity reported.

GLUCOIBERIN Flower 1,600 ppm; Leaf 248 ppm;

Quinone-Reductase-Inducer 15 uM

GLUCONAPOLEIFERIN Flower 80 ppm; Leaf 9 - 135 ppm

No activity reported.

GLUCONASTURTIN Flower: Leaf 145 ppm;

Quinone-Reductase-Inducer 15 uM

GLUCORAPHANIN Flower 990 ppm; Leaf 255 - 8,990 ppm

Quinone-Reductase-Inducer 1 uM

GLUCOSINOLATES Flower 20 - 1,140 ppm Leaf 70 - 2,120 ppm

No activity reported.

HEX-CIS-3-EN-1-OL Plant:

No activity reported.

HEX-CIS-3-ENOL-ACETATE Plant:

No activity reported.

HEXYL-ACETATE Plant:

FLavor FEMA 3-25

INDOLE-3-ACETONITRILE Leaf:

Antitumor; Cancer-Preventive; Phytohormone

INDOLE-3-CARBINOL Leaf:

Amphiestrogenic; Anticancer (Cervix) 200-400 mg/day; Antiestrogenic; Antiinflammatory; Antilupus; Antimetastatic; Antipapillomic; Antiproliferant; Antirespirotic; Antithyroid; Antitumor; Antitumor (Breast); Antitumor (Cervix); Antitumor (Colon); Antitumor (Prostate); Apoptotic; Cancer-Preventive; Carcinogenic; Chemopreventive; Detoxicant; DNA-Protective; Estrogenic; Genotoxic; Hepatoprotective; Mutagenic; NF-kB-Inhibitor; NO-Inhibitor; P450-Inducer; Quinone-Reductase-Inducer 50 mg/kg igs mus; Tumor-Promoter

INDOLE-3-CARBOXYLIC-ACID Plant:

No activity reported.

INDOYL-3-METHYL-GLUCOSINOLATE Flower:

No activity reported.

KAEMPFEROL Flower 30 ppm; Leaf:

11B-HSD-Inhibitor; 5-Lipoxygenase-Inhibitor IC50 (uM)=20; Aldose-Reductase-Inhibitor 100 uM; Antiaflatoxin IC50=3.28 ppm IC50=8.73 uM; Antiaggregant 30 uM; Antiallergic; Antibacterial 20 ug/ml; Anticancer; Antifertility 250 mg/kg/day/60 days/orl rat; Antigingivitic 20 ug/ml; Antiherpetic 23-92 ug/ml; Antihistaminic; Antiimplantation; Antiinflammatory 20 mg/kg 200 mg/kg ipr rat; Antileukemic IC50=3.1 ug/ml; Antilymphocytic; Antimutagenic ID50=10-40 nM; Antioxidant 3/4 quercetin IC50=1.2 ug/ml IC50=40 uM; Antiperiodontic 20 ug/ml; Antiplaque; Antiradicular 7 x quercetin; Antiseptic 20 ug/ml; Antiserotonin 200 mg/kg ipr rat; Antispasmodic; Antistaphylococcic; Antitumor; Antitumor-Promoter; Antiulcer 50-200 mg/kg ipr rat; Antiviral 23-92 ug/ml; Apoptotic 60 uM; Aromatase-Inhibitor IC12=1 uM/l; cAMP-Phosphodiesterase-Inhibitor; Cancer-Preventive; Carcinogenic; Choleretic; Copper-Chelator; COX-2-Inhibitor; Cyclooxygenase-Inhibitor IC50 (uM) =20; Cytotoxic; Diaphoretic?; Diuretic; Estrogenic EC50=0.1-25 uM/l EC50=0.56 uM; Fungicide 20 ug/ml; Hepatoprotective IC50=1.30 ppm IC50=5.46 uM; HIV-RT-Inhibitor IC50=50-150 ug/ml; Hypotensive; ICAM-1-Inhibitor; iNOS-Inhibitor IC50=13.9 uM IC50=<15 uM; Inotropic; Iodothyronine-Deiodinase-Inhibitor; JNK-Inhibitor; Lipoxygenase-Inhibitor; MAO-Inhibitor; Mutagenic; Natriuretic; Neuroprotective; NO-Inhibitor IC50=13.9 uM; PAF-Inhibitor; Pesticide; Protisticide; Quinone-Reductase-Inducer 3 uM; Teratologic; TNF-alpha-Inhibitor IC50=3.99 uM; Topoisomerase-I-Inhibitor; Topoisomerase-II-Inhibitor IC50=8.1 ug/ml; Tyrosinase-Inhibitor ID50=230 uM; Uterotrophic EC50=0.1-25 uM/l; Vasodilator

MALIC-ACID Flower: Plant:

Antiatherosclerotic; Antibacterial; Antifibromyalgic 300 mg 3x/day; Antioxidant Synergist; Antiseborrheic; Antiseptic; Antitubercular; Antitumor; Bacteristat; Bruchiphobe; Hemopoietic; Laxative?; Mycobactericide; Pesticide; Sialogogue

METHANOL Flower: Plant:

Antidote =Sodium-bicarbonate; AntiHIV EC50=<20 ug/ml

METHYL-AMINE Flower 65 ppm;

Irritant

N-METHYL-BETA-PHENETHYLAMINE Flower 1.6 ppm; Plant 1.6 ppm;

No activity reported.

N-METHYL-PHENETHYLAMINE Flower 1.6 ppm;

No activity reported.

N-PENTYL-AMINE Flower 3.3 ppm;

No activity reported.

NEOGLUCOBRASSICIN Flower 8 - 450 ppm Leaf 10 - 900 ppm Tissue Culture:

Quinone-Reductase-Inducer 100 uM

OXALATE Leaf 1,900 - 20,406 ppm

No activity reported.

OXALIC-ACID Plant 68 ppm;

Acaricide; Antiseptic; CNS-Paralytic; Fatal; Hemostatic; Irritant; Pesticide; Renotoxic; Varroacide

P-COUMARIC-ACID Flower 35 ppm; Leaf 13 ppm;

Aldose-Reductase-Inhibitor 4 ug/ml (weak activity); Allelopathic; Antibacterial; Anticlastogen; Antifertility; Antihepatotoxic; Antileukemic IC50=25-56 ug/ml; Antinitrosaminic; Antioxidant 1/3 BHA IC24=30 ppm; Antiperoxidant IC50=>100 uM; Antiseptic; Antispasmodic; Antitumor; Cancer-Preventive; Chemopreventive; Choleretic; Cytotoxic; Diaphoretic?; Fungicide; Lipoxygenase-Inhibitor IC11=5 mM; Pesticide; Prostaglandigenic; Prostaglandin-Synthesis-Inhibitor; Tyrosinase-Inhibitor ID50=3,650 uM

P-HYDROXY-BENZOIC-ACID Leaf:

Antibacterial; Antimutagenic; Antioxidant; Antiradicular; Antisickling 10.5 ug/ml; Cancer-Preventive; Fungistat EC50=607 ug/ml; Immunosuppressant; Pesticide; Phytoalexin; Prostaglandigenic; Secretogogue; Ubiquiot

PENTAN-3-ONE Plant:

No activity reported.

PENTEN-1-OL Plant:

No activity reported.

PHENETHYL-ISOTHIOCYANATE Leaf:

Antitumor (Lung); Cancer-Preventive; Quinone-Reductase-Inducer 1 uM/kg

PHENETHYLAMINE Flower 1.8 ppm;

Insectifuge; Irritant; Pesticide

PHYTIC-ACID Leaf:

Antiaggregant; Anticancer; Antioxidant; Antitumor; Cancer-Preventive; Fungicide; Hypocalcemic Sodium phytate; Hypocholesterolemic; Hypolipidemic

PHYTOSTEROLS Flower 180 - 2,325 ppm Plant:

Antiprostatotic; Hypocholesterolemic

PROGOITRIN Flower 60 ppm; Leaf:

Quinone-Reductase-Inducer 15 uM

PROP-2-ENYL-GLUCOSINOLATE Flower:

No activity reported.

QUERCETIN Flower 6 ppm; Leaf:

11B-HSD-Inhibitor; 5-Lipoxygenase-Inhibitor IC50 (uM)=4; Aldehyde-Oxidase-Inhibitor IC70-96=10 uM; Aldose-Reductase-Inhibitor 100 uM 4 ug/ml IC50=0.344 uM IC50=0.84 ug/ml cow; Allelochemic IC82=1 mM; Allergenic; Analgesic; Antiaflatoxin IC50=25 uM IC50=7.5 ppm; Antiaggregant 30 uM IC50=55 uM; Antiaging; Antiallergic IC50=14 uM; Antialzheimeran; Antianaphylactic; Antiangiogenic; Antiarthritic; Antiasthmatic; Antiatherosclerotic; Antibacterial; Anticarcinomic (Breast) IC50=1.5 uM; Anticariogenic ID50=120 ug/ml; Anticataract; Anticolitic 400 mg/man/3x/day; Anticomplementary; AntiCrohn's; Anticystitic 1,000 mg/day/4 weeks; Antidepressant; Antidermatitic; Antidiabetic; Antielastase IC50=0.8 ug/ml; Antiencephalitic; Antiescherichic; Antiestrogenic; Antifeedant IC52=<1,000 ppm diet; Antifibrosarcomic; Antiflu; Antigastric; Antigonadotropic; AntiGTF ID50=120 ug/ml; Antihepatotoxic; Antiherpetic 48-150 ug/ml; Antihistaminic IC50=<10 uM; AntiHIV; Antihydrophobic; Antihypertensive; Antiinflammatory 20-150 mg/kg; Antileishmanic IC50=64; Antileukemic 5.5-60 uM IC50=10 uM IC50=>10 ug/ml; Antileukotriene; Antilipoperoxidant IC67=50; Antimalarial IC50=1-6.4 ug/ml; Antimelanomic; Antimetastatic; Antimutagenic ID50=0.62 ug/ml ID50=2-5 nM; Antimyocarditic; Antinitrosaminic; Antinociceptive; Antioxidant 4.7 x Vit. E ED50=2.3 uM IC47=10 uM IC96=300 ppm; Antipancreatitic; Antiperiodontal; Antiperistaltic; Antipermeability; Antiperoxidant; Antipharyngitic; Antiplaque; Antiplasmodial IC50=13-64; AntiPMS 500 mg/2x/day/wmn; Antipodriac; Antipolio; Antiproliferant 10 nM; Antiprostanoid; Antiprostatitic; Antipsoriac; Antiradicular IC50=4.6 uM; Antispasmodic; Antistreptococcic ID50=120 ug/ml; Antithiamin; Antithrombic; Antitrypanosomic IC50=13; Antitumor 10 uM; Antitumor (Bladder); Antitumor (Breast); Antitumor (Colon); Antitumor (Lung); Antitumor (Ovary); Antitumor (Skin) 20 uM; Antitumor-Promoter; Antiulcer; Antiviral 48-150 ug/ml IC50=10 uM; Apoptotic 20-60 uM; ATPase-Inhibitor; Bacteristat 10 mg/ml; Bradycardiac; Calmodulin-Antagonist; cAMP-Phosphodiesterase-Inhibitor; Cancer-Preventive; Candidicide; Capillariprotective; Carcinogenic 40,000 ppm (diet) mus; Catabolic; COMT-Inhibitor; Copper-Chelator; COX-2-Inhibitor <40 uM; Cyclooxygenase-Inhibitor; Cytochrome-P450-1A2-Inhibitor; Cytotoxic ED50=70 ug/ml IC82=100 ug/ml; Deiodinase-Inhibitor; Diaphoretic?; Differentiator 5.5 uM; Estrogenic 10% genistein; Fungicide; Glucosyl-Transferase-Inhibitor ID50=120 ug/ml; Hemostat; Hepatomagenic 5,000 ppm (diet) rat; Hepatoprotective; HIV-RT-Inhibitor IC50=<1 ug/ml; Hypoglycemic 100 mg/kg orl rat; iNOS-Inhibitor IC50=20 uM; Inotropic; Insulinogenic; Juvabional; Larvistat 8,000 ppm diet; Lipoxygenase-Inhibitor IC11=1.25 mM IC50=0.1-5 uM; MAO-A-Inhibitor; Mast-Cell-Stabilizer; Metal-Chelator (Copper); Metalloproteinase-Inhibitor IC50=>42 uM; MMP-9-Inhibitor 20 uM; Mutagenic; NADH-Oxidase-Inhibitor; NEP-Inhibitor IC50=>42 uM; Neuroprotective 5-25 uM; NF-kB-Inhibitor; NO-Inhibitor IC50=20 uM IC>50=125 uM; NO-Synthase-Inhibitor 5-50 uM; Ornithine-Decarboxylase-Inhibitor <10 uM; P450-Inducer 5 uM; P450-Inhibitor 50-100 uM; Pesticide; PGE2-Inhibitor; Phospholipase-Inhibitor; Plasmodicide; Proliferant; Prostaglandin-Synthesis-Inhibitor 40 ug/ml; Protein-Kinase-C-Inhibitor; PTK-Inhibitor 0.4-24 uM; Quinone-Reductase-Inducer 13 uM 6 uM; Teratologic; TNF-alpha-Inhibitor IC50=3.11 uM; Topoisomerase-I-Inhibitor IC50=12.8 ug/ml IC50=42 uM; Topoisomerase-II-Inhibitor IC50=1-6.9 ug/ml IC50=23-40 uM; Tumorigenic 0.1% diet orl rat/yr; Tyrosinase-Inhibitor ID50=70 uM; Tyrosine-Kinase-Inhibitor; Vasodilator; VEGF-Inhibitor; Xanthine-Oxidase-Inhibitor 3.1 uM IC50=10.6 ug/ml IC50=>0.4 ug/ml

QUERCITRIN Leaf:

ACE-Inhibitor IC50=0.67 mM/; Aldose-Reductase-Inhibitor 0.1-100 uM 0.5-4 ug/ml IC50=2 uM IC50=64 uM rat IC55=0.1 uM IC55=0.15 uM; Antiarrhythmic; Antibacterial; Anticataract; Antiedemic; Antifeedant IC52=<1,000 ppm diet; Antiflu; Antihemorrhagic; Antihepatotoxic; Antiherpetic; Antiinflammatory; Antimutagenic ID50=2-5 nM; Antioxidant IC50=120 uM; Antipurpuric; Antispasmodic; Antistaphylococcic 0.412%; Antithrombogenic; Antitumor; Antiulcer; Antiviral; Cancer-Preventive; Cardiotonic; Choleretic; CNS-Depressant; Cyclooxygenase-Activator 200 uM; Detoxicant; Diuretic; Dye; Hemostat; Hepatotonic; Hypoglycemic; Hypotensive; Insectiphile; MAO-A-Inhibitor; MAO-Inhibitor; Paralytic; Pesticide; Vasopressor

QUINIC-ACID Flower: Leaf:

Choleretic

RUTIN Leaf:

5-HT-Inhibitor; Aldehyde-Oxidase-Inhibitor IC27-52=10 uM; Aldose-Reductase-Inhibitor 100 uM 4 ug/ml; Allelochemic; Antiaggregant ED50=33 nmol/kg iv; Antiallergic; Antiapoplectic; Antiatherogenic; Antiatherosclerotic; Antibacterial; Anticancer; Anticapillary-Fragility 20-100 mg orl man; Anticataract; Anticlastogen; Anticonvulsant; AntiCVI 270 mg/man/day; Antidementia; Antidermatitic; Antidiabetic; Antiedemic 270 mg/day orl man; Antierythemic; Antifeedant; Antiglaucomic 60 mg/day; Antihematuric; Antihemorrhoidal; Antihepatotoxic; Antiherpetic; Antihistaminic; Antihypertensive; Antiinflammatory 20 mg/kg; Antimalarial IC50=>100 ug/ml; Antimelanomic; Antimetastatic; Antimutagenic ID50=2-5 nM; Antinephritic; Antinociceptive; Antioxidant IC28=30 ppm IC50=120 uM IC54=10 uM; Antiperoxidant IC50=10-20 uM; Antiplatelet; Antiproliferant 50-75 uM/l; Antiprotozoal; Antipurpuric; Antiradicular 9 x quercetin; Antispasmodic; Antisunburn; Antithrombogenic EC50=500 nM; Antithyroid IC50=68 uM; Antitrypanosomic 100 mg/kg; Antitumor; Antitumor-Promoter; Antiulcer; Antivaricose; Antiviral; Apoptotic 75 uM/l; cAMP-Phosphodiesterase-Inhibitor; Cancer-Preventive; Capillariprotective; Catabolic; Chemopreventive; Cytoprotective IC50=3 uM; Estrogenic?; Hemostat; Hepatomagenic 20,000 ppm (diet) rat; Hepatoprotective 20 mg/kg rat; Hypocholesterolemic; Hypotensive; Immunomodulator; Insecticide; Insectiphile; Juvabional; Larvistat IC95=4,000-8,000 ppm diet; Lipoxygenase-Inhibitor IC75=2.5 mM; Mutagenic; Myoprotective; Myorelaxant; Oviposition-Stimulant; PAF-Inhibitor; Pesticide; Protisticide; Radioprotective; Sunscreen; Topoisomerase-II-Inhibitor IC50=1 ug/ml; Vasodilator; Vasopressor

SALICYLIC-ACID Leaf:

Aldose-Reductase-Inhibitor 724.6 uM; Analgesic; Antiarthritic; Antibacterial; Antidandruff; Antidermatotic; Antieczemic; Antiichthyosic; Antiinflammatory; Antineuralgic; Antioncychomycotic; Antioxidant; Antiperiodic; Antipodagric; Antipsoriac; Antipyretic; Antirheumatic; Antiseborrheic; Antiseptic; Antitumor; Antitympanitic; Cancer-Preventive; Comedolytic; COX-2-Inhibitor; Cyclooxygenase-Inhibitor; Dermatitigenic; Fungicide MIC 1,000 ug/ml; Hypoglycemic; Insectifuge; Keratolytic; Pesticide; Thermogenic 130 ppm; Tineacide; Ulcerogenic

SEC-BUTYL-ISOTHIOCYANATE Seed:

No activity reported.

SINAPIC-ACID Leaf 40 ppm;

Antibacterial; Antihepatotoxic; Antioxidant IC27=30 ppm; Antiperoxynitrite IC39=5 uM IC60=20 uM IC75=100 uM; Cancer-Preventive; Fungicide; Pesticide

SINIGRIN Flower 325 ppm; Plant:

Antifeedant; Cancer-Preventive; Larvicide; Mutagenic; Pesticide; Phagocytotic; Quinone-Reductase-Inducer 15 uM

SQUALENE Plant:

Antibacterial; Antioxidant; Antitumor; Cancer-Preventive; Chemopreventive; Immunostimulant; Lipoxygenase-Inhibitor; Perfumery; Pesticide; Sunscreen

TRANS-FERULIC-ACID Leaf:

Antioxidant; Cancer-Preventive

VANILLIC-ACID Plant:

Aldose-Reductase-Inhibitor 100 uM/l; Allelopathic; Anthelmintic; Antibacterial 1.5-15 mg/ml; Anticancer; Antifatigue; Antiinflammatory; Antileukemic IC50=25-56 ug/ml; Antioxidant 1/3 BHA IC21=30 ppm; Antiperoxidant IC15-65=100-200 ug/ml; Antiradicular 7 x quercetin; Antiseptic; Antisickling; Antitumor; Antitumor-Promoter; Ascaricide; Cancer-Preventive; Choleretic; Fungicide; Immunosuppressant; Laxative; Pesticide; Ubiquiot

VIT-B-6 Flower 2 - 30 ppm Leaf 1.6 - 18 ppm

No activity reported.

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